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The Last Word on Respirators

The Last Word on Respirators

By James, C. Junes EMT/CHCM

There should be no confusion about N95 respirators providing protection against Covid-19 infection. If worn properly and consistently, they prevent inspiration and expiration of the SARS-CoV2 virus that causes Covid-19, end of story, full stop. This is not my opinion, it is my “expert” opinion.  Unlike most of the internet gurus and purveyors of conspiracy theories, I actually have qualifications and training related to respiratory protection. I have certificated training from both OSHA and the American Society of Safety Engineers. I specified, fit tested and trained people for respiratory protection from N95 respirators, through full-face filter respirators and Self Contained Breathing Apparatus as a Safety Manager for a major chemical company. I also trained in appropriate biological respiratory protection as an EMT.

The N95 Respirator

These are true respirators not just masks. When worn according to the instruction on the box they provide very effective protection against airborne pathogens, toxic dust particles, soot, and toxic mist droplets. They also provide effective protection against inhalation of radioactive dust particles. They do not provide protection against poison gasses such as chlorine, ammonia or carbon monoxide.  Unless you anticipate a poison gas attack or a chemical spill scenario, an N95 is all you need. They are cheap and easy to have with you.  While they are classified as “disposable” they can be decontaminated with exposure too UV light including sunlight.  They should be stored in plastic bags when not on use.

The reason that the CDC and other agencies did not emphasize N95 respirators at the start of the pandemic is because (1) they wanted to hoard enough for medical professional and (2) there was already a shortage because China had bought up huge quantities before letting the world know about Covid-19.  You saw everyone in China wearing N95 masks back in March. China’s draconian mandating of wearing mask brought the pandemic under control much faster than in other countries.  While I would not advocate such a mandate in a free country, that should have been a strong recommendation for Americans from the start*. I had about twenty-five N95’s at home in January and managed to buy one more box of twenty in late March. N95 respirators are the gold standard for use by medical professionals who are exposed to airborne pathogen all day that should tell you all you need to know.

Some people claim that they can’t breathe while wearing these respirators. Unless you have a very serious respiratory illness, this is mainly psychological. I trained employees who wore these masks continuously for hours of hard work in hot conditions. At 79-years of age I wear N95’s throughout full workouts at the fitness center.

Face Masks

  Since the professionals and smart survivors had already grabbed up the available N95’s a number of alternative masks came into use. Common blue surgical mask are designed to prevent pathogens from the mouth and nose of surgeons and other ER and OR personnel from infecting patients who are in an otherwise sterile environment.  They are not intended as “respiratory protection’ but provide limited protection against inspiration of pathogens.  Some versions have a double-layer that provides better protection. Soft cloth mask in various designs seem to be the most popular choice.  If worn tightly against the face, these should be good enough for protection against coughs, and breaths carrying at virus. Those with a double layer of cloth are best

Bandannas and Neck Gators

In my books I recommend carrying a bandanna as an “everyday carry” items for use as a bandage, tourniquet, and last resort respirator, but it is no substitute for an N95 or even a good cloth face mask. Neck gators are also inadequate.  The best I can say for them is that they are BTN (better than nothing) in an emergency. They may meet the letter of the “face mask required” regulation, but you are fooling yourself if you think they are as effective as cloth masks or true respiratory.

Gas Masks and Half-Face Filter Respirators

  While these devices are effective, they are bulky, uncomfortable and difficult to fit properly, while offering no more effective protection than the light weight N95 respirators.  Gas masks are for gas!  Unless you live down wind of a hazardous chemical facility they are a waste of money.


  Respiratory protection is a very effective way to avoid contracting Coved-19, and any other airborne pathogen.  N95 respirators are the best choice for respiratory protection, but cloth masks and surgical masks are certainly better than no protection when N95’s are unavailable.  As the pandemic subsides, I will be restocking my survival supplies with N95 respirators. So should you.

*If the government had prohibited the wearing of masks or respirators, I would have defied that order, because it’s just smart survival practice to wear them.

Military Skills for Survivalists


What kinds of military-style training and tactics would be of value in survival situations?

While a survivalist is not a soldier and a survival group is not a military or paramilitary unit, there are several tactical skills and capabilities that survivalists need to learn and practice.  In today’s world, civilians are often the main target of terrorists, gangs, and even foreign or domestic paramilitary forces.  Any large-scale collapse and civil disorder would result in situations where combat capabilities and military tactics would be essential to survival.  It is important to understand that for military organizations the objective such as a hill, building or town takes priority over personal or group survival, but for a survival family or group, survival is the primary objective.  In most cases the tactics are used defensively or to facilitate safety and security. Exceptions where aggressive tactics might be applied would be for rescue situations.

The individual survivalist that has not served in the military will have more difficulty dealing with combat situations.  Most military tactics assume that the participants are healthy, relatively young and well trained.  Most survivalist and families will have mixed capabilities and cannot afford any casualties.  For these reasons, survivalists should avoid military-like combat situations whenever possible.  However, when plunged into a life-or-death scenario, any level of training and tactical capability will infer a great advantage.  Most assaults, ambushes and raids will be initiated by untrained gangs and groups that will be dealt with effectively by the application of basic military movements and tactics.  Even if you are assaulted by some kind of organized paramilitary group, your knowledge and training will infer a greater chance for survival and escape.  While it is not practical to fully explain all of the necessary techniques and tactics in a few pages, here are the basic principles.  The survivalist should study military texts and take advantage of any opportunities to experience practical training.

Weapons Use Skills

Weapons usage skills. Tactical usage of firearms goes well beyond the basic self-defense use of a handgun necessary for normal civilian crime resistance applications. The survivalist that anticipates a potential military-like combat situation must become proficient in the use of high capacity tactical rifles. Most current tactical rifles are based on either the US Military AR-15 or Russian Kalashnikov AK-47 designs. These are the so called “assault rifles”, but are highly effective in self-defense and survival as well as hunting for game. The AR-15s and similar designs are reliable and accurate, but require more care than AK’s.  AK-47s are not as accurate as the AR-15s, but are extremely reliable and can function without maintenance and cleaning for extended periods. The AR15s use 5.56mm ammunition that is plentiful and should be the most available even during survival conditions.  The AK-47s uses 7.62 mm Russian ammunition that is available during normal times, but might become scarce in the future. In any case, the survivalist should have no less than two thousand rounds of ammunition and six spare thirty-round magazines on hand along with spare parts and cleaning kits.  If you can anticipate combat in urban areas or within buildings the shorter, carbine versions or folding stock versions may be worth consideration. Reflex sights might also be a useful addition.  Although combat rifles have an effective range of 400 meters or more, the defensive use will probably be at much closer ranges.  The survivalist should be proficient at hitting man-sized targets at about 100 yards before developing longer range capabilities.  If possible, fire at least 200 rounds from your primary survival rifle quarterly are more often if practical. Then practice disassembly and cleaning. You should also practice rapid magazine changes, firing from kneeling, standing and prone positions and from behind cover.  These options are usually available at combat ranges and training facilities.


Typical commercial version of the military AR-15.  This one has a folding stock and a reflex sight mounted on the accessory rail.


A commercially made version of the Russian AK-47. This one has a folding stock in place of the more common wooden stock.

All survivalists should understand the difference between cover and concealment.  Concealment simply means that you are in a place where the enemy cannot see you. This may prevent your being shot at or at least reduce your chances of being hit, but it will not stop a bullet if the enemy does decide to fire in that direction.  Cover is a truly bullet proof or at least bullet resistant location such as the engine bock of a vehicle, a brick wall, a large tree or a trench. Armor-piercing rifle ammunition can penetrate auto bodies, several inches of hardwood, cement blocks and appliances.  Cover only lasts until the enemy maneuvers around it, so it is a temporary refuge to buy time for escape or counter action.


Illustrated effective and ineffective use of cover and concealment

Route selection while on the move is a critical military skill.  Under hostile conditions, you cannot just walk down the road and expect to survive. The obvious and easy path is usually going to lead you to destruction. Use your binoculars to view your route in advance. Consider where you might be ambushed or trapped. If you cannot avoid these places have a plan to scout them and clear them rather than just walk into them. The routes for daytime movement and nighttime movement are usually different.  In the daytime you do not want to be out in the open or silhouetted for an enemy hiding in the woods or rocks.  You will want to stick to those areas where you are best concealed and can find cover immediately.  At night stumbling through heavy foliage and rough terrain may be more risky than using flat terrain, but you must avoid being silhouetted.  Stay low. Use low ground and stay quiet.  Moving down gravel roads is particularly risky at night. The white gravel silhouettes anyone on the road and the crunch of feet is easily heard. Avoid moving on any kind of road. Stick to the shoulders where movement is better concealed and cover is closer at hand.

Routes selected for day movement Vs. night movement.


A survivalist should be able to move safely under fire or where the potential for being shot at exists.  Shuffling along, marching or casual walking are not good enough under threat conditions. Here are some methods that a wise survivalist should practice.

Higher knee lift and toe first foot placement for stealthy movement


Quietly going from walking to defensive position,


Low crawl at night. Belly crawls are required during daylight movement.

Movement under combat conditions is always risky.  The advantage always lies with the potential ambusher or sniper. If possible avoid moving through any potentially hostile area.  Stay put or take a longer and safer route if possible. If you must move about do so in combat a ready condition.

Whether you are moving in daylight or at night, strict noise discipline is essential. Talking in normal tones is prohibited and whispering is only used for essential communications. Everyone’s gear must be secured so it does not squeak, rattle or clang.  Have everyone jump up and down before starting out to detect and secure any noise sources. Any shiny or glowing objects should also be covered.  If extreme stealth is needed rags or old heavy socks can be placed over shoes.   Of course only muted or camouflage colors can be worn.  This includes shoes and socks. White flashlights are absolutely never used at night.  Red lensed flashlights, preferably covered under ponchos or coats can be used to consult maps if absolutely necessary.  Needless to say, cellphones are strictly prohibited.

Bunching up or lack of attention is an invitation to assault. Even if there are just two or three people, they must maintain a distance from each other and a staggered formation so that they cannot be taken or shot all together.  The distance depends on the terrain and the visibility.  Each member should maintain a distance of at least four to six feet from others in all directions.  This distance can be a bit further in open terrain, but may need to be closer on dark nights. Members should always be in position to support and protect each other in a staged formation that permits firing in multiple directions without endangering fellow members.

Mixed family group lines up in double column preparatory to moving down a road.  Such formations support alertness and facilitate response to emergencies



Basic double column formation with leader in the center.  Arrows denote direction of responsibility

Basic diamond formation provides for 360-degree defense and can change direction of movement without changing formation.

Skirmish line prepares to enter wooded area.  Each person needs to maintain contact with those on each side. This is also a good formation for search and rescue.

One person on the move must stop, squat and slowly turn around and listen every few minutes.  A group must have clearly assigned directions of responsibility such as front and right flank, left flank and rear, etc., to assure 360 degree coverage.  Larger groups will send out a point man and have a designated rear guard.  A flank security person or team may be needed in some kinds of terrain.  The point man’s task is extremely fatiguing as it requires constant vigilance in all direction and even for trip wires.  This task should be rotated frequently. Normally the point man should be just in view of the lead person in the group.  The rearguard usually is closer to the group, but must stop periodically and turn around to watch for enemies. The people at the rear of the group should always be checking to be sure he is still there and safe.   In a single file column every other person keep guard on the opposite side with the front person watching ahead and the rear person regularly checking behind.   In a double column the right row covers the right and the left row covers the left side. Frequent rest stops are necessary, but are not a time for conversation or bunching up.  Select a well concealed spot off of roads and paths.  Put out 360 degree security. If a small group stops then they should all face outward not inward while resting.

Crossing Lanes

Crossing roads, railroad tracks and other open lanes is particularly hazardous under hostile conditions.  Anyone looking down that lane has a clear field of vision and fire. Cross at a narrow point or a sharp bend where your action is least visible.  There are two schools of thought about crossing.  You can send one scout across to secure the opposite side and see if they are shot at. This may only alert the enemy that more are coming.  The other tactic is to all rush across at once before the enemy can react. Both methods have advantages and risks.  You do not want to wander across or loiter.  If you know the crossing will be opposed and cannot find another route you can use fire and maneuver by have half the group fire to pin down the enemy while the other crosses and then fires to cover the second group’s crossing; this is something a survival group should practice. If you have smoke bombs, these can be of great help in such crossings.

Diversion and Misdirection

Diversions and misdirection is a key military skill.  Smoke or fireworks can be used to draw attention away from you while you escape or maneuver.  A false campsite can attract looters and raiders while your real site remains hidden.  Dummy defenses and bunkers can draw fire away from your true location. False trails can be laid away from your true route.

Counter Ambush Techniques

The ambush is the most deadly situation a group can find itself in. The best way to avoid being a victim is to avoid movement, especially a night. The advantage always lies with the ambusher who chooses the place and time and remains hidden.

Since it is most likely that the survivalist will not be encountering well trained and heavily equipped ambushers that would be using automatic weapons and mines, basic ambush avoidance and counter ambush methods should be effective.

An ambush may simply be a group of shooters hiding along the side of the road or in buildings where they have good concealment. A more sophisticated ambush would involve a roadblock or debris to stop the group in the kill zone.  Sharp turns in a road or path can permit ambushers to fire down the length of you group as well as from a flank.  These are the locations that a survivalist on the move must be especially aware of.  The point man should be constantly alert for signs of activity, noises, shadows, etc. and signal the group to halt if anything looks or feels suspicious. Since the group may already be in or near a kill zone it may need to back out and consider ways to avoid or eliminate the threat.  There are several counter ambush tactics that are effective depending on the situation.  The survival group should be well trained in each counter ambush drill

If the group has not entered the kill zone, the best action is to back out while maintaining good order and fire if necessary.  You can then opt to go around the ambush or flank them and flush them out of the position.

If the group is well into a kill zone and under fire you may be able to fire on the ambushing location while quickly running out of the danger zone or crawling to safety.

If quick escape is not an option then your only other choice it to charge the ambush site with all the firepower you can bring to bear in hope of overrunning or dispersing the ambushers.

The one thing you do not want to do is remain in the kill zone and engage in a fire fight. The leader must call the counter ambush and the team must execute it immediately.  Regardless of training, being caught in an ambush almost always results in casualties.  If the ambushers turnout to be well trained and/or numerically superior you may expect very serious losses.

When any kind of counter ambush drill is executed your group is going to get dispersed. This is particularly true in heavy forests and/or at night.  Having pre-established rally points and passwords will be critical in reestablishing the group and avoiding losses.

Basic Military Maneuvers

Fire and maneuver is the most basic military drill and should be understood by any group that anticipates a combat situation.  The British call this tactic “bounding over watch”. Simply put, one person or team shoots at the enemy while the other moves to a better position. In an offensive situation the fire team pins the enemy with fire while the maneuver team moves closer. Then, they change tasks so that the maneuver team becomes the fire team while the fires team maneuvers even closer until the objective is taken or flanked.  In withdrawal the same alternating persons or teams execute the maneuver until they are out of range or into a safe position. While fire and maneuver can be used to facilitate a straight in assault or straight out withdrawal, flanking to the right or left should always be preferred if possible. Frontal assault or a running retreat is generally costly and often disastrous.  Survivalists that truly anticipate combat situation should be trained in execution of fire and maneuver.

Once a group (even just two) comes under fire they must be ready to implement a fire and maneuver engagement either moving forward or to extricate themselves

The original maneuver team (or person) has now become the fire team as the other team closes in on the objective here. If the “objective” is not critical or the defending force is strong, the fire and maneuver should be retrograde.

Field fortifications are a necessary skill for survival. Failure to dig in has doomed many complacent units in the past.  Trenches, foxholes and improvised bunkers provide the defender with a great advantage against even a superior force.  When time is short or the ground is hard (rocky or frozen) scraping even a shallow, low spot with some dirt, rocks and debris in front is far better than lying in the open. A pile of dirt in front of a trench or foxhole may give away your location so try to camouflage them with leaves and debris. In general foxholes should hold no more than two people, but be close enough to others for mutual support.  Trenches should zigzag or curve.  While barbed wire may not be available, interlaced tree limbs and sharpened stakes can be used to slow down assaulters.

Deadfall and interwoven branches used to obstruct movement towards a defended camp

Fortifications of any kind should be located so there is a clear field of view and fire in front of them. Rocks, low ground or close trees and brush would permit an enemy to get close without risk.  Clear tall grass shrubs and other obstruction out to at least fifty yards.  Even plain wire can be strung to trip and slow approach.  Empty cans with stones inside can be attached to these obstacles to make noise at night.  Below are a few simple types of field fortifications that could be used to protect a survival camp or other position.  A day practicing digging and using these kinds of fortifications would be time well spent.

A simple foxhole.  This can be enlarged to hold several defenders. Note that it is designed for 360 degree, all around defense

A more advanced field bunker with an earthen roof and camouflage.  This would be practical for an observation post or camp defensive position if the location is to be held for an extended period.

Urban combat is to be avoided whenever possible. The cost and risk of this kind of combat far exceeds the value.  Extensive training is necessary to have any level of proficiency and even the best military units take heavy losses in urban environments.  For a survivalist, home defense and/or a fighting escape are the only urban combat necessities.  The same principles of stealth, camouflage, diversion, fire and maneuver and counter ambush apply, but are all more complicated. Multistory buildings add a third dimension to threats. Hiding places are everywhere for you and for the potential enemy. Route selection must take into account how you are exposed, where you can use concealment, where you can find cover and where threats may lurk. Open streets are almost always the worst routes. Moving house to house, yard to yard or ally to ally is much slower but often safer.

Defending your home against a few unorganized criminals is achievable with good weapons skills and constant vigilance, but defense against organized assault will be extremely difficult.   The military would simply flatten the adjoining houses, and cut down the trees to clear field of fire for automatic weapons. You do not have these options.  Adjoining houses may be occupied by shooters or set on fire to drive you out.  Walls and fences will provide cover and concealment for shooters to get closer.  While older, brick homes are basically bulletproof, frame houses and brick veneer homes can be riddled by rifle fire. Once a group of more than two or three has decided to besiege your home, you are in serious trouble unless you have organized a block or community defense team.  You should have evacuated already or have an escape plan to execute before you are trapped.  There is one other option. Instead of waiting for the miscreants to get to your home, you can go out and help your neighbors by ambushing or outflanking the shooters before they get to you. A calculated risk.

Physical Security

A single survivalist cannot remain at full alertness for twenty-four hours a day.  The entire family or group must be capable of sentry duty at home or in a camp. Ideally, sentries should be on duty just one or two hours, but no more than four hours per shift and in twos if possible. They may be assigned to just lookout from fixed positions or walk a perimeter or both.  If a perimeter patrol is established it should be done at irregular intervals and routs. A clearly understood procedure for challenging intruders must be established and include a consistent challenge phrase and password. These should be changed daily. Sentries are never, ever stationed or permitted to sit around campfires or in lighted areas and they should avoid using flashlights as this will give away their location while ruining their night-vision The sentries must be armed and have a method of alerting the other members if a threat is imminent night or day.  The family or group should be ready and have an assault response plan in place.  If personnel are available patrols can be sent out to detect signs of activity in adjoining areas. .Obstacles, barricades and warning devices can be used to inhibit surprise entry into a building or camp.  Since firebombs are often used by looters and criminals. All combustibles should be moved away from windows and wire screening can be nailed over windows to deflect such devices. Most importantly: multiple large fire extinguishers should be available.

Note:  It must be kept in mind that in an age of infrared and night vision equipment and drones well equipped and authorized military and police forces have much greater advantages than any unofficial force in the field and under extreme circumstance they could consider any non-compliant group (no matter how peaceful) as hostile.

Download the PDF below to see this article with all of the illustration. 


Three New Free Publication PDFs

We recently updated our well known Preparedness Overview flyer that we distribute at our meetings and presentations.  anyone is welcome to reprint this as a public service.

The Special Edition of American Survivor is distributed free at preparedness expos and events as a sample of our membership newsletter.  American Survivor is the oldest and most respected survival/preparedness publication in the USA, and has been especially accurate in predicting the  pandemic, civil unrest, severe weather and economic decline in recent times.  More importantly it has provided information on how to prepare for and survive these and other challenges now and in the future. Online members have access to over seventy back issues of American Survivor as well as each new issue as it is published. Members can also opt for hard-copy mailing.

Recent articles in American Survivor included: Revolution and Civil War (July 2020), Is America Headed for Another Revolution? (Jan/Feb. 219), and Decent Into Chaos (Jan/Feb 2015). Unfortunately these articles were far more accurate than we would have guessed. As a result, it may be timely to publish a modified version of the chapter in my recent book devoted to "Military Skills for the Survivalist". Note: the book is 150 Survival Secrets, by James C. Jones from Skyhorse  publishing of NY and covers many controversial and challenging survival subjects.

Preparedness Overview Flyer, 12-10



Home Defense When the Police Can’t Help?

Home Defense When the Police Can’t Help?

By James C. Jones

While the original source of the recent protests was the alleged police misconduct in one municipality, it morphed into a national movement and then was captured by the extreme left and turned into a general attempt to disband or disarm all police agencies. While it is unlikely that any municipalities will actually disbanded their police departments it is probable that new State and Federal regulations will render police unable to adequately protect the life and property of citizens.

  • Police may be prohibited from using effective means to stop or restrain criminals who resist arrest. Knowing this, criminals may simply ignore lawful orders to stop or submit to handcuffing. Without the use of effective take-down methods, police are left to scuffle with criminals who outweigh them and may be on drugs that greatly increase their strength. Police may (wisely) elect to just let them go.
  • If the job of police is to confront strong and often armed criminals without being able to use force, many of them will resign, few will volunteer, and more will commit suicide*.
  • Police may be prohibited from using so-called “military-style” equipment and weapons such as armored vehicles, teargas, and “assault-rifles”, leaving them totally unable to resist organized crime, riots and looting.
  • If police “defunding” demands are even partially met there will be fewer police, less training, and fewer raises and benefits. Why will anyone want to become a cop?

Community Defense

 The primary justification for having government is to protect the people against enemies, foreign and domestic.  If the government (national, state, or local) is rendered unable to protect the people, the citizens have the right and obligation to band together for mutual defense of life, liberty and property.

If the anarchists are successful in rendering the police ineffectual, the citizens will be forced to act in their own best interests by forming community defense organizations. Such organizations may be called: The Neighborhood Protection Committee, The Home and Community Defense Alliance, or The Town Safety Association.  It would be preferable that such organizations would operate with the support of the local police agencies, if possible.  Such organizations should be non-political, and avoid recruitment of unstable, criminal and extremist elements.  In addition to defensive duties, these organizations should participate in community clean-up, elderly help, disaster relief and other similar activities.

  • Members would be required to maintain a minimum level of armament and ammunition. For example: a handgun of no-smaller than 9mm with a magazine capacity of no less than 17 rounds, four spare magazines and 500 rounds of ammunition.  Or a shotgun with 250 rounds of police or self-defense ammunition. Or a rifle of 5.56 mm with 15 or 30 round magazines.  While standardization may be desirable this is not a para-military organization and members may have different budgets and capabilities.
  • Members would be required to pledge a certain number of hours to patrolling, guarding and responding to drills and actual emergencies
  • A fast phone-tree, or auto call system would be required to assure fast response to developing crime or unrest situations.
  • Emergency plans to cover various threats would need to be developed by a committee and hopefully together with existing law enforcement agencies.
  • While uniforms would not be required some form of easily identifiable garment such as a vest, cap, or arm ban would be necessary.
  • The mission of such groups must be confined to local defense and crime prevention, and activities beyond the town or county borders should be avoided.

It would be regrettable if good law-abiding citizens are driven to such measures, and there would no doubt be incidents of abuse and conflict, but the alternative would be true anarchy, and the surrender of our communities to criminals.  At some point there would be efforts to outlaw, disarm and disband such organizations.  This would only lead to further violence and an end to American society and liberty. Let’s hope the politicians are wise enough not to force the public into such a situation

*The suicide rate among police is already extremely high.





By James C. Jones, EMT/CHCM

A world-wide pandemic has been one of the survival challenges addressed in numerous articles in this publication over the past several decades. I will not review all of the information and disinformation related to this specific pandemic event, but must assure readers that it will not be the last. Overpopulation, urbanization and massive international travel virtually guarantee new pandemics within the next decade or two.  I will remind all that scientists calculate the earth capacity to support civilized human population at around four-billion, while we have over seven-billion.  At some point nature and human nature will begin to put the brakes on population growth and probably reduce it significantly.  In fact some studies predicted that the population at the end of the twenty-first century may be close to what it was at the start of the twentieth-century. Pandemics, famines, shortages, and conflicts are inevitable. Our interlocked centralized systems create a domino effect that has been clearly demonstrated during the Coronavirus pandemic event.  Even while the actual number of infections and deaths was far below that of the common flu, panic has generated a stock market crisis, and even some violence and looting. At this writing it is difficult to anticipate the full impact of this current pandemic, but I will enumerate the potential for this or for the next pandemic.

  • Hospitals and medical facilities will be overwhelmed leaving those who need care for other medical emergencies to suffer or even die.
  • Hospitals, nursing homes, schools, and clinics will be hot-beds for transmission of the pathogen, and will be abandoned or quarantined.
  • Those requiring life sustaining care or medications may be unable to obtain it.
  • Medications, respirators, and cleaning supplies will be unavailable.
  • The shortages of respirators and protective clothing for workers in the chemical, medical and construction trades will result in layoffs and unemployment and the unavailability of products.
  • Vital services will be affected as medical personnel, firefighters, and police become ill or stay home to protect their families.
  • Delivery of groceries may be slow as drivers are affected by the illness.
  • Business will close and the stock market will fall into recession.

If the pandemic is sustained and the mortality rate is high

  • The stock market will crash
  • Stores and warehouses will be looted
  • Civil disorder may break out in urban areas.
  • Garbage pickup, water pump maintenance and electrical grid maintenance may be affected by employee absences and civil disorder.
  • Political unrest and oppression may develop.

Not all of the above effects may develop this time, but must be anticipated and prepared for.  Of course the chances of another pandemic occurring in a few years after this one are exactly the same as they were before this one, so preparedness is just as important going forward.

Epidemics and pandemics can also be the secondary result of civil unrest, the breakdown of sanitation services, shortages and economic chaos. Even a cyber-attack, electromagnetic pulse, or grid failure could lead to a pandemic and of course there is the potential for a deliberate distribution of pathogens by terrorists or hostile nations.   With that in mind let’s review viral diseases in general and some of the methods for prevention and treatment of viral diseases.

Viruses are much smaller than bacteria and are made up of a material with an exterior protein. Viruses cannot make their own protein like most other cells, and therefore are dependent on a host for survival. Each virus targets a specific body organ such as the lungs, liver or even the blood.  Viruses are not affected by antibiotics.  The best protection against viruses is a strong immune system and good personal hygiene.  While some viruses such as measles, rubella, mumps, and smallpox and polio are preventable through vaccination other are not.  Vaccinations for various forms of flu and pneumonia are only partially effective. The following is only a partial list of the most common viruses.

  • Influenza
  • Chickenpox
  • HIV
  • Ebola
  • Polio
  • Mumps
  • Hepatitis
  • Shingles
  • Lyme disease
  • Smallpox
  • Measles
  • Herpes
  • Some types of colds

Viruses can be transmitted from contact with infected animals such as birds, pigs, bats, rodents, dogs, horses. Other viruses can be transmitted from animal bites, and insect bites such as tics, flies, mosquitos and lice.  Human transmission can result from skin contact, oral contact, and sexual contact and close respiratory contact, such as coughing.  Viruses can survive in air for as long as three hours and on surfaces for two-to-three days to infect others who touch them.

Vitamins for Prevention and Treatment

It has been found that low levels of Vitamin D3 resulted in increased vulnerability to cold and flu. A strong correlation has been found between those with TB, and hepatitis C., and Vitamin D3 deficiencies. Vitamin D3 helps the body make an antibiotic protein called cathelicidin that is known to kill viruses, fungi, parasites and bacteria.  During flu season (during an epidemic) it is recommended to take 50,000 IU daily for the first 5-days and then 5,000 to 10.000 daily the thereafter

More than thirty clinical studies have confirmed the antiviral effects of Vitamin C against a wide range of flu viruses.  Vitamin C inactivates the virus while strengthening the immune systems ability to resist the virus.  The general recommendation is 10.000 mg orally, daily, but some stronger viruses’ (like Corona) may require intravenous doses as high as 100,000 to 150,000 mg.  If IV vitamin C is not available a gradual increase of oral Vitamin C up to 50,000 mg may be possible before bowel tolerance is reached.

Herbal Remedies

A variety of studies have shown that some herbal remedies are effective against some viruses.  Elderberry can be effective against influenza A and B.  Astragulus root is effective against the Coxsackie B virus. Licorice root has been use to treat hepatitis C and HIV.  Olive leaf has been proven effective in the treatment of flu, colds, hepatitis C, malaria, Gonorrhea, and tuberculosis.

Other foods that may be effective in prevention and treatment of viral infections include:

  • Wild blueberries
  • Sprouts
  • Cilantro
  • Coconut oil
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Sweet potatoes
  • Turmeric
  • Kale
  • Parsley
  • Red clover

Non-Viral Infections

It is important to keep in mind that while most epidemic pathogens are viral, and not affected by antibiotics, but other non-viral pathogens such as Streptococcus, Salmonella, E Coli, Tuberculosis, Cholera , and Bubonic plague may beset the infected victim who may have a weakened immune system, be undernourished, or  exposed to poor sanitation.  For this reason antibiotics should still be kept available.  Antibiotics are available from pet supply stores, fish supply stores, and survival supply outlets.  These are exactly the same products as are prescribed for humans, but at a much lower price, without any prescription required. It is advisable to maintain a supply of these, but they are not to be used for viral infections.

Self-prescribed and obtained antibiotics should be used only when no other alternative is available and serious infections and diseases are evident or imminent.  Antibiotics are most effective against various types of plague pathogens that could be the primary source of an epidemic and against many secondary infections common in disasters    Dosages information can be obtained from the internet, the Merck Manual and are based on the type of disease and patient. Yes, in some cases the survivor may be forced to guess and err on the side of more.  Adult dosages of most antibiotics range from 250 mg to 500 mg every 6 to 10 hours.  Dosage decreases with child ages.

Penicillin is the first antibiotic that was developed in 1928.  It is also the longest over-used and some bacteria have become resistant to it.  Penicillin is generally effective against common Staphylococcus and streptococcus infections as well as Clostridium and Listeria genera.  These common bacterial infections would be anticipated in open wounds and contaminated water and food during a long-running disaster.  About 10% of the population may be allergic to penicillin.

Amoxicillin is effective in treating ear infections, strep throat, pneumonia, skin infections, urinary tract infections and other types of bacterial infections.  It also is used for some kinds of stomach infections. It has been used effectively for people exposed to anthrax.  Its effectiveness against pneumonia and skin infections make it an essential survival medication, since these infections are most common in disasters and nuclear events. Amoxicillin should not be given to those who are allergic to penicillin.

Cephalexin is effective against infections of the middle ear, bones, joints, skin and urinary tract. It can also be used against certain kinds of pneumonia and strep throat. Cephalexin is not effective against methicillin-resistant staphylococcus known as MRSA.


The bottles of antibiotics above were purchased from BUDK  at www.BUDK.COM or call 800-543-5061.  Each bottle contains 30 x 250 mg tablets. Penicillin costs $16.99, Amoxicillin costs $12.99 and the Cephalexin cost $14.99.



While the full effects of the current Coronavirus have yet to be determined, we can anticipate that epidemics and pandemics will be part of the threat-matrix that modern, responsible citizens must prepare for.  Government agencies and the health system will never be fully able to anticipate and react to new pathogens, before they spread and affect the general population.  High population densities, combined with global travel, and immigration guarantee even more lethal outbreaks in the future. Ultimately the individual citizen, family and group must take strong independent preparatory and preventive action to survive the direct effects (illness) of an epidemic, but also the greater secondary effects on the economy and society.  A few key preparedness and preventive actions are listed below

  • The ability to isolate yourself from human contact to from 30 to 60 days is the most important and effective way to prevent exposure. This requires that you have sufficient water, food, fuel, medications and other critical supplies in advance.  This is sufficient for the any immediate and passing emergency, but an extended and more lethal event could result in the need for far more well developed and equipped survival and evacuation capacities.
  • Maintain general health, weight and exercise greatly improves your chances of surviving any illness. Poor eating habits, lack of exercises, smoking, and neglected health maintenance is an invitation to infections.
  • Always have plenty of N95 respirators, hand sanitizer, bleach, and disinfectants on hand.
  • Good hygiene including frequent hand washing, and avoidance of touching your face is important.
  • Frequently clean all frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs, railings, table tops with a household disinfectant.
  • When away from home, clean hands before and after touching shopping carts, door handles, fire arms, money, and other frequently touched surfaces.
  • Have a clean handkerchief to cover your mouth when you cough. Carrying a N95 folding respirator is advisable, as you could be caught in a closed space or in proximity to coughers.
  • Avoid anyone who has flu-like symptoms or any location (e.g. schools, nursing homes, hospitals) where virus may be more prevalent.
  • Avoid large gatherings and close proximity to groups period.
  • At the first sign of flu-like symptoms seek medical help. Get tested and take aggressive treatment.  The sooner treatment begins the greater your survival chances will be.
  • Support your immune system with supplemental doses of Vitamin C and Vitamin D3 as mentioned above.



As we enter the year 2020 we can anticipate further political chaos and agitation on the streets of America. It is difficult to predict how violent or widespread civil disorder will be, but it is something most should be prepared for.  Even those living in rural areas can be affected by the economic and social impact of any breakdown in law and order in their region.   The article below was published in Live Free's newsletter last year.  For more detailed survival information on a wide range of topics, we hope you will join. 

Surviving the Coming Age of Civil Disorder

By James C. Jones, EMT/CHCM

We live in an unstable and increasingly unsafe society.  While a sense of normalcy and safety still prevails the indications of societal disintegration and impending social chaos abound.  The sheer multiplicity of negative trends and events constantly weakens our capacity to maintain order and safety.

Increasingly frequent natural and manmade disasters drain our economy and overstretch our emergency response resources. The following list of challenges and trends should convince any responsible citizen that a dark-age of civil chaos and general lawlessness lies ahead.

  • The ongoing condemnation and persecution of police and emergency responders will continue to limit their ability to protect the public. Law enforcement officers must be more cautious and hesitant to pursue, detain and subdue suspects. In turn, criminals are more likely to flee, resist or employ weapons against the police.
  • Disparagement of the police and disrespect for the law has emboldened criminals of all types. Carjacking’s, street robberies, bank robberies, theft from parked vehicles, burglaries, shoplifting, and other crimes are becoming more rampant each year. The courts often release such criminals on the suspects own recognizant or home monitoring while awaiting trial and then hands down probation or reduced sentences.
  • Even so-called “gun crimes” by repeat felons are often given a proverbial “slap on the wrist” punishments or early releases from short prison sentences.
  • Smash and grab crimes where multiple criminals use sledgehammers or stolen vehicles to smash through windows or even walls to access valuables and escape before police arrive are more and more frequent in every urban and suburban region.
  • Violent crimes against the elderly and even the disabled are popular activities for the criminal class today.
  • Drive-by shootings and vehicle-to-vehicle shootouts on our expressways is an increasing trend.
  • The ongoing opioid epidemic added to the long-existing drug crisis in America and the world drives more people into the criminal world of gangs, violence and desperation.
  • Extremists and mentally deranged are increasingly turning to various forms of violence acts.
  • The internet and social-media facilitates flash-mob crimes where dozens of people suddenly overwhelm a store, grab merchandise and then flee before anyone can react. The internet has also made fencing stolen goods much easier and more profitable than before.
  • Virtually every social and political issue now generates a demonstration that ties up police resources, disrupts business, blocks traffic and often results in violence or even outright riots and looting. There are whole organizations devoted to supporting any kind of civil disorder and several secretive, national groups that are focused on initiating violence at any type of demonstration.
  • The budgets for law enforcement, fire departments, court systems and detention centers are inadequate in most urban areas and will continue to decline in the coming decades. Raising taxes causes law abiding tax payer to flee as does increased crime rates. This leaves only the poorer residents and welfare recipients who pay little or no taxes at all.  Most urban areas are caught in a death spiral of rising taxes, crime, and declining revenues.  This can only lead to instability and potential massive violence.
  • The recent 2016 election cycle provided a glimpse of the social/political instability and division. The internet and the mass-media continues to amplify division and support extreme viewpoints as we approach the 2018 and the 2020 elections.  The various sides are already gearing up for a contentious and possibly violent confrontations on many issues. No-matter what the results of these elections may be, we can anticipate violent demonstrations, active resistance and even revolutionary activities that exceed those of the turbulent 1960s and 1970s.

While some of these trends have marked previous times in American history and one or two of them alone could not be expected to generate a general collapse of law-and-order in our society, if continued, the combined effects of these trends may well lead to an unprecedented level of chaos and violence within the next few years. The period of violence and civil disorder generated by the combination of issues and agitation in the late 1960s and early 1970s offers some valuable lessons and examples.  I living in Chicago during these times, I witnessed the causations and effects of the violent events of those times.  The civil-rights movement, the anti-Viet Nam War movement and several other social/political movement were coopted by communists, and special interest groups with dark agendas.  Certainly the Soviet Union financed the more violent groups in order to weaken the United States.  Big financial interests benefited from massive real-estate displacements and public housing developments.  Government agencies grew stronger and more intrusive. So-called revolutionary groups abounded with shooting, looting and bombing culminating in the great riots that destroyed whole communities and initiated a trend towards disrespect, division and crime that continues to this day. At that time America still had a solid middle class and a foundation of shared conservative values that was sufficient to check the slide toward outright revolution and disaster.  The “greatest generation” of citizens who had built America and defeated tyrants and aggressors in World War Two were the dominant population then. Regrettably, today’s population lacks these unifying values and shared sense of responsibility.

The riots and demonstrations of the 1960s and 1970s were contained within the inner-cities and to downtown and government facilities.  While I lived in Chicago during these times and I certainly knew enough to avoid going downtown or through certain areas, life went on as normal for the great majority. Crime and looting did not spill-over into adjoining communities or suburbs.  Although there was real concern that these disruptions could generate a true revolution America was far too strong and unified and these movements eventually (literally and figuratively) burned themselves out.  They did however implant ideas, trends and cultures that have continued to weaken, destabilize and divide American society as we face a new age of internal conflict.

Previously, the dominant social force in America has been conservative, self-reliant, America values that were resistant to any “isum” or extremist views.  This central, law-abiding mass tended to dampen any tendency towards violence.  Unfortunately the dominant tendencies today are dependency oriented, self-centered and disrespectful of society and other individuals. The media and the internet can easily foment nation-wide discontent leading to violence that would affect every community.

Today’s more homogenous communities make it far more probable that any general uprisings will spill into adjoining communities than was true in the 60s and 70s.  Shopping centers in more affluent and “safe” communities will not likely be spared.  Gangs and bands of criminals will not be hesitant to roam widely as police are over-occupied or driven away. This is already evident in the kinds of crime-waves being experienced in most suburban areas now.

Today criminals use google earth to locate affluent homes and shopping centers now and will be able to use this tool along with social-media to organize raids and looting.  No area will be immune to attack during any future outbreak.

Having made my case that law-and-order is already breaking down and could easily degenerate into wide-spread and long-term chaos, let’s consider what steps the responsible citizen can take to survive, avoid or escape from violence ravaged areas.

The survival challenges will differ depending on your location, but there will be no “safe zones”.  Violence and war tends to flow in various ways, so that one part of a town may be ravaged to ruination while another is relatively untouched.  Even in places like Berlin during World War Two or modern day Bagdad there were/are areas relatively untouched and nearly normal, but no-one can assume that their home or community will be spared.  We can predict that some kinds of areas will be more dangerous than others and have different challenges that will require differing preparations and responses. Let’s call them “red zones”, “orange zones” and “yellow zones”.

Red Zones would be inner city, high population density and high value commercial centers where crime rates are already high, gangs have established a solid footing and any disruption to police protection, utilities or support can quickly flash into uncontrollable violence, looting, fires and crime.  The police barley maintain control of such regions today and would be virtually helpless against a general collapse.

  • Avoidance and prevention: obviously moving to a safer area will improve survivability, but many citizens have economic, family and social responsibilities that effect our choice of locations. If moving is not an option, then getting involved and working to build a stronger, safer and more stable community is the only way to avoid being caught-up in a societal disaster?  Take action now if you can.
  • Preparation and planning: Preparation and planning: Being able to stay off the streets is critical. Having enough food, water, medications and other necessities to ride-out a crisis is your first step to survival in most situations. Red zone residents must give more attention to active defense and the possibility that escape and evacuation will be an unavoidable necessity in their preparation and planning.  Bug-out bags and weapons are a necessity.  Consider discussing mutual defense and aid plans with your neighbors and relatives in advance.
  • Active and passive defense: Once civil disorder erupts in your area, you will be forced to take up an armed defensive posture. Blocking doors and windows, establishing a 24/7 watch schedule and having loaded firearms and extra ammunition is justified in such situations.  You should also move all flammables and combustibles away from windows and have plenty of large fire extinguisher on hand as arson and Molotov -cocktails are a favorite tool of insurgents. Do not fire on anyone unless they have initiated action against your home.  Don’t do anything to attract attention.
  • Evacuation and escape: In many cases escape from a riot-torn area may be your best and only option. While it may be difficult to abandon your home before you are forced to do so, waiting until you are surrounded and under assault may be too late. Early evacuation may permit you to take more with you and use your vehicle, whereas fleeing at the last-minute may mean doing so on-foot while leaving most of your valuables behind.  You may also want to consider how to hide, secure or even burry items that you cannot take with you to minimized losses if your home is looted or burned.

Orange Zones would usually be communities adjoining the Red Zones, suburbs of major cities, and medium sized towns.  Such areas will have gang presents and local criminals that will seize on opportunities. They have active contacts with the larger Red Zone political extremists and criminal gangs and could facilitate their entry into these communities.  The police forces in such areas are often undermanned, but are dedicated to defending their home towns.

  • Avoidance and prevention: You need to analyze the level of risk you face in such areas. Are your neighbor’s responsible citizens or potential threats?  Are you in or near a major commercial center or roadway that will attract looters and criminals? Are there signs of gang presents, drug use and high crime already appearing in your community?   Even a relatively peaceful community may turn into a Red Zone if civil disorder last for more than a few days. Plan accordingly.  Many smaller town and suburban communities have volunteer police auxiliaries and emergency organizations.  It would be beneficial to join and support these groups to strengthen the community and enhance your level of training and awareness.
  • Active and passive defense: Assaults and looting is more likely to be hit-and-miss and off-and-on in these areas. Roaming gangs and opportunistic criminals rather than massive mobs will be the main threat.  A well prepared and well-armed citizen may be able to avoid, discourage or drive-off these aggressors. Fences and hedges can help delay or channel assaults away from your home.  Keeping your garage clear enough to actually contain your vehicle out of site is a major advantage.  You must still have a 24/7 watch plan and a well thought out plan for stopping an assault and home invasion by multiple criminals. How close are the adjoining buildings?  Could there occupation by hostile people or their catching fire threaten your safety?  Be prepared to deal with these possibilities.
  • Evacuation and escape: While sheltering-in-place is more desirable than evacuation into or through hostile regions, it may still be a forced necessity.  The same principles and tactics for Red Zone evacuations apply, but more routs and options may be available. Think “what if”.

Yellow Zones can be defined as remote small towns and semi-rural areas, away from main highways and commercial centers. While it is unlikely that such locations would initially be the sites of riots or looting they might not be immune to locally generated crimes and acts of violence by individuals and small groups. Drug gangs and extremist groups of all kinds have infiltrated even seemingly peaceful communities. Radicals and criminals are far more mobile than they were decades ago, and isolated and complacent communities could be tempting targets. Such areas often have just a few law enforcement officers who are ill-equipped to handle such threats.

  • Avoidance and prevention: Any extended period of civil disorder could result increased, opportunistic criminal activities and roaming gangs endangering residents of outlying communities. Organized community and town defense is a realistic option for such locations. Consider the most likely routs and directions from which threats could appear and de prepared to discourage and reroute potentially dangerous individuals and groups. Organized 24/7 community patrols and response plans will go a long-way in preventing problems.
  • Preparation and planning: Generally, being self-reliant and prepared to get by without outside supplies and services for weeks or months will be the main requirement. Community supplies and neighbors helping neighbors is important
  • Active and passive defense: Even in the most peaceful communities there are some individuals who will make trouble or commit crimes of opportunity when they think they can get away with it. Identify them in advance if possible. Be vigilant and prepared to deal with attempted robberies, home invasions and other crimes.  A 24/7 watch is advisable when possible.
  • Evacuation and escape: If the chaos has reached the point where even small towns and rural areas are unable to maintain public safety things are truly disastrous.  It’s good to have a preplanned place to go and safe route to get there, just in case. At that level of emergency the survival camp and militia-like resistance may be necessary to recover order.


While there are far too many factors in-play to predict when a period of general civil; disorder will develop or how severe and long-lasting such an event will be it seems more likely than not that significant upheavals lie within the next five to ten years or less.  It is also apparent that such developments will impact most communities and that existing law enforcement and emergency response agencies may be inadequate to maintain order, protect the public and prevent looting and property damage. The responsible citizen should be prepared to cope with the challenges of home defense, self-defense, property protection, and if necessary evacuation through hostile surroundings.  Since such situations could also interrupt food supplies, water and electrical services, and access to medical care, the citizen must stock up and build basic survival capabilities as well.  The possibility of massive and enduring periods of civil disorder must be added to the already long list of potential survival challenges that the responsible American citizen of this century must prepare to face unaided if necessary.

A Short History of Live Free USA

A Very Short History of Live Free USA


Live Free USA started as an NRA Shooting Club on the Southside of Chicago in the late 1960’s.  This was a time when Chicago was beginning to initiate its draconian gun laws so we diversified into an outdoor sports club.  While we still engaged in shooting sports when and where we could, we added rock-climbing, cross-country skiing, camping, rafting and caving to our programs.  We also started teaching survival skills and conducting survival-training activities.  We soon were camping in the middle of winter and testing equipment and techniques under survival conditions.  The temporary fuel shortages and recession of the 70’s combined with the nuclear threat of the Cold War increased interest in all aspects of survival and we expanded our programs to cover nuclear, biological and chemical war survival as well as general self-reliance skills.  At this time there were several national publications devoted to survival related subjects, including American Survival Guide and Practical Survival.  This allowed us to advertise and build a national and international membership.  We also launched our own newsletter titled Directions in 1977.  This was later changed to the current American Survivor.  We also had raised enough money to buy land for The American Survival Center” in Wisconsin.  In the late 70s the news media began to run stories about “survivalists”, but they had simply attached the title to a variety of religious, political and racial extremist groups that were prevalent at the time.  Live Free was faced with the challenge of correcting these misrepresentations, while defining the true survival, self-reliance philosophy.  We had some excellent spokesmen, positive explanations and excellent, ongoing activities to use in our campaign.  We were interviewed on national television, scores of magazines and newspapers and even were on Dutch television and the BBC.  We did get neutral or positive coverage because we had the right message and refused to be manipulated by the media.  This was a time when we recruited some of the core membership that would hold the organization together and serve as the framework for future growth.  We continued slow growth through the 80s, but the public’s misunderstanding of our mission kept impeding our progress and outreach efforts. The collapse of the Soviet Union that ended the Cold War in the early 90s, coupled with a temporary increase in oil supplies and economic growth created a false sense of euphoria and security.  The vast majority of the public was sure that the age of peace, safety and prosperity had come and that the coming millennia would be even better.  Our analysis of the world’s resources, economics and history told us that this was a very dangerous illusion, but no one wanted to hear that.  Most survival groups and publications when out of business by the mid 90’s.  Our membership and funds plummeted and we had been forced to sell of the American Survival Center property.  We were only able to have a few activities each year and the publication of the newsletter was sporadic at best.  The Twenty-first Century quickly revealed the growing cracks in national and world stability. As catastrophes of every variety began to multiply throughout the world, the public started to slowly awaken to their insecure present and threatening future.  This time the need for preparedness was acknowledged and acceptable.  This time advocating family self-reliance for a long-term or indefinite disintegration of the systems that we have come to depend on was not being rejected.  Unfortunately, it took Live Free’s remaining staff and limited funds a while to catch up with the demand for information and programs, but we still had a solid framework, and core group with 30-pluse years of dedication and experience.   We had to work very hard to regain recognition and rebuild our membership.  We were able to put on our survival education programs in public venues that would have rejected us in the 70s and 80s.  We are actually able to work with local fraternal, emergency response and community organizations in many locations. Membership, chapter formation and the number of programs continue to increase at a geometric rate as we bring together and support more and more skilled and dedicated survival and self-reliance instructors, writers and organizers. The challenge now is to carry out our mission while people can still travel to seminars and meetings and afford to buy the survival and self-reliance supplies and tools they will need.  While our programs will continue to support preparedness for common home emergencies, localized disasters and outdoor survival situations, our larger missions must be to:

  1. Increase public awareness of the unavoidable economic decline and associated disasters, emergencies, hardships and conflicts that it will generate in the next decades.
  2. Proved a variety of educational programs and training events that will help good people adapt to the future challenges and survive the very serious dangers and disasters to come.
  3. Build a national network of chapters that can provide improved survival resources for their members and be a framework for community survival, as situations grow more severe.

The fulfillment of these missions into the next decade will depend much on the commitment and dedication of the newest members to continue the work started almost 50-years ago.



Survival Gear and Pack Lists

While preparing my next book for  Skyhorse  Publishing, I found it necessary to review all of the survival equipment and all of the lists for various kits and packs. I have created new lists for:

  • What to have in your pockets
  • What to have in a Get Home Bag
  • What to have in an Evacuation Pack
  • What to have in vehicle
  • What to have in an outdoor survival kit.
  • What to have at home
  • What to have in your Bug Out Bag

I also discuses hybrid survival packs and caches


Survival Lists

While preparing my next book for  Skyhorse  Publishing, I found it necessary to review all of the survival equipment and all of the lists for various kits and packs. I have created new lists for:

  • What to have in your pockets
  • What to have in a Get Home Bag
  • What to have in an Evacuation Pack
  • What to have in vehicle
  • What to have in an outdoor survival kit.
  • What to have at home
  • What to have in your Bug Out Bag

I also discuses hybrid survival packs and caches


Index of American Survivor Articles

Open the PDF below to see all of the issues of American Survivor that Live Free members who join online have access to for only $20.00 per year or $50.00 for three-years. Over 45 issues and 180 articles. 

Directory of Contents,1-2020