Archive for Preparedness Articles – Page 3


Preparedness Overview was published in American Survivor several years ago and reprinted recently as a handout at various Live Free USA seminars.  This article in combination with the article "Self-Reliance" overview provides a great guide in moving from emergency preparedness twords greater and greater independence and security.



The Poor Man’s Survival Kit

This is one of our articles from waaaay back in the 70s that we updated a bit and retyped.  Hope you enjoy it.

The Poor Man's Kit,The Poor Man's Kit,



I am often asked why a "survival" group has a political name.  From time to time over the past 40+ years I have needed to explain the relationship between preparedness/survival/self-reliance and politics.  The following is the most recent of these articles.


Politics & Self-Reliance,Draft,3-14


This article looks at several scenarios for combat by a civilian under survival conditions.




This article examins the various typs of survival camps based on test camps built by Live Free USA over many years




I have been in two burning buildings, served on and managed an industrial fire brigade and had access to extensive investigations of fires and tests of fire suppresion systems.  It is my oppinion that survival/preppers do not take the hazards fire seriously enough.  People are far more likely to die in a fire than in a home invasion under "normal" conditions and fire would be a bigger threat than shootings if law and order breaksdown. 


FIRE: Weapon of Mass Destruction


Disaster Preparedness Overview


By James C. Jones, EMT/CHCM


Distributed as a public service by Live Free, USA


An Overview of Why Personal Preparedness Is Important Today and the Various Levels of Preparedness Needed to Survive Common Emergencies and Future




  If you are reading this, you have already become concerned about future events and have begun to take responsibility for your own survival and that of your family.  You may be alarmed at the increasing number, variety and severity of “disaster” thought the world and particularly in the United States. This is not your imagination.  Things are getting more dangerous and the infrastructure and the emergency services are starting to breakdown. One disaster often contributes to another.  Who can doubt that the immense costs of the 9/11 attack and hurricane Katrina contributed to the economic collapse.  The shrinking economy reduces funds for infrastructure improvements, safety, emergency services and police; this then sets us up for further attacks and disaster.  The eventual result of these combined and multiplying manmade and natural disasters must be a general world collapse some time in the next twenty to one-hundred-years.                          

   The immediate mission for the responsible citizen is to prepare to survive increasingly severe and lengthy emergencies with less and less outside help.  Since these events will strike closer and closer to every family and economic conditions will become more and more challenging, it is imperative that people begin an energetic and systematic program to increase their emergency preparedness and long-term self-reliance while they still can do so.  Furthermore, the children and grandchildren of today must be reoriented from passive dependence to active self-reliance through preparedness training and the acquisition of basic survival skills.  Here are just a few of the scientifically calculated situation that are already in progress as you read this article:


  • As the population outpaces resources, basic necessities such as water, food, and fuel will become scarce. At first the famines, droughts, epidemics, wars and massacres will ravage the third-world countries, then it will spread around the world.


  • Increased population densities combined with economic decline will mean that floods, earthquakes and storms will cause astronomical death and destruction that will not be recoverable.


  • The combination of economic decline and growing populations will result in the collapse of infrastructure and public services in many (if not all) urban a suburban areas.  The failure of water supplies, electrical service, sewer systems, fire and police protection will make crime, riots, and epidemics more and more common.


  • The combination of less and less farm-land and shifting climates will ultimately lead to conflicts over food and water sources that could lead to wars.


  • International travel, population densities and possible biological experimentation probably will lead to one or more world-wide epidemics that will kill hundred of millions some time in the next few decades. Many scientist calculate that while the population may double or triple by the middle of this century, it will end at pre-1950 levels after starvation, war, epidemics and other events have reestablish a balanced system.


  • All of these factors will empower international crime cartels whose “street gang” solders are already in our streets. Desperate people will be easy recruits for extremists and terrorists.  In reaction, there will be great temptations to establish marshal-law, suspend basic liberties and even establish dictatorial governments.


  • Exactly how these events will unfold, when they will occur and how they will effect you is impossible to predict, some of these events will strike you and your families in the forcible future.   While there is not much you can do to prevent these complex combinations of man-made and natural disasters, there is much you can do to increase your chances of surviving them and retaining your personal freedoms and values through these challenging times.  Never has the future depended more on what you do today.


   The first step to survival is to assess your current situation and level of preparation against what you truly need to survive anticipated emergencies.  Having done that, you can then start improving your situation in an organized and scheduled manner.  To  aid in this process we will establish six levels of preparedness starting with “zero”.


“Level Zero”  Planning to be a victim

  The individual or family prefers not to think about “bad things” and has no plans or means for surviving even a “normal” emergency.  These folks are totally depended on the political, economic system for every day-to-day necessity of life. Any disruption will panic them. They are highly likely to be a burden on public services (if they exist) and/or turn violent under sever emergencies. They are a danger to their neighbors and the community and will probably not survive long into a true catastrophic event.  Unfortunately this classification describes a significant portion of the urban population.


“Level One”  Essential

  Even a casual concern for your own safety should put you here! You have a good flashlight, candles, a first aid kit, a few days of food on the shelves, a few gallons of water stashed away and you have given some thought to what you would do in emergencies such as: extended power outages, water supply interruptions, home invasion, fires, etc.. It’s not much, but it’s a start.  If you are lucky you will get through a few short-term situations, but if you don’t improve, you are going to be in real trouble at some point in the next few years.


“Level Two” Basic

  At this level, you are making a conscious effort to prepare for common, short-term emergencies.  You have put up at least 5-gallons of water per person and have a 5-10 day supply of food on hand.  You have invested in several LED flashlights and lanterns and have a crank powered emergency radio. You also have at least one good fire extinguisher and probably a firearm.  You may have a first aid manual and/or “how to survive” book. This is the minimum level for any responsible citizen.


“Level Three” Responsible & Ready

    This is where everyone needs to be ASAP!  At this level you should get through most “normal” emergencies and have a good chance to survive many serious and longer-term disasters.  You will not be a burden to your community and may be able to help others. In addition to your “level two” supplies you will have a 30-day food and water supply. You have a small 72-houre survival pack capable of supplying essential food, water, shelter and first-aid for a few days on the road.  You may have a generator and fuel to run basics (e.g. sump pump, freezer etc.) for 3-6 days and a safe portable indoor heater. You have the ability to purify water, cook food, put out fires and treat minor injuries, and dispose of bodily waste without help.


“Level Four” Advanced

  This level will make it possible to ride-out (at home) or escape from (evacuate) many serious disastersIn addition to your “level two and three” supplies, you have a fully equipped evacuation pack or “bug-out-bag” capable of sustaining and sheltering you for an extended time. You now have a variety of weapons for home defense, self-defense and hunting.  You have a number of survival books and have at least basic first aid and other survival related training.  You may also have acquired training and equipment to cope with nuclear, biological and chemical hazards. You will have made detailed plans for your own evacuation and may have established safe locations and caches of emergency supplies along that rout. At this level you should be involved with community emergency response organizations and/or preparedness clubs in your area.


“Level Five” Self-Reliant

   This goes beyond preparedness and moves towards a more self-reliant lifestyle.  While the previous levels involved putting away resources from the existing sources for a future need, this level implies being able to generate and use essential supplies from the environment over a long period.  At the extreme it can involve moving to a remote location and establishing a “retreat” with its’ own power supply, gardens, water source, etc.  This may be impractical for most people, but everyone can achieve at least partial self-reliance.  Adding rain barrels, wood stoves, vegetable gardens, solar panels or windmills can vastly improve your long-term survival chances. Developing skill that can be used to supply essentials such as hunting, fishing, sewing, metal working and carpentry. Put away tools and supplies that can be used as trade goods. This will put you in position to survive and even thrive during hard times.




While no-one likes to think about a future of dangers and challenges, an open minded look at current events and recent history leads to the inescapable conclusion that humanity is entering a perfect storm of combined economic, natural and man-made disasters. No amount of preparedness can guarantee ones survival under every conceivable situation, but a systematic and continuous effort to increase ones material, mental and psychological capacity to survive will greatly reduce the chances of serious, injury, lose and death.  The future survival and freedom of good and responsible citizens and their children is dependent on their efforts to become better prepared and more self-reliant. 


Always Carry a Knife 

By Jim Jones


  There is probably no single item that defines, establishes and sustains an individual’s survival, self-reliance and freedom potential more than the knife.  The knife and its modification the spear was in use long, long before the arrow, sling or firearm.  Flint blades predate almost any other manmade device.  The name “Saxon” in “Anglo Saxon comes from the name of the long, heavy bladed knife called the “seax” carried by the Anglo Saxons.  Carrying the seax was the mark of a free man.  Slaves, of course were prohibited from carrying arms.  As we know, being prohibited from caring arms is still the mark of a slave.

   Today, virtually everyone uses some kind of knife at least a few times each day.  The possession of a knife imparts a huge survival and self-defense advantage to anyone.  If you have nothing else with you, a knife gives you a chance to survive.  Not carrying a knife of some kind is surrendering your survival potential to luck and the whims of nature and man.  The prepared person will carry a pocketknife or a pouch knife throughout the day.  He or she may keep a larger “survival knife” or “hunting knife” in their vehicle or other accessible location.  Of course there will be well selected small and large blades for outdoor activities and stashed in the survival/evacuation pack.  One may carry a heavy bladed 6 to 8 inch blade length belt knife for heavy work.  A small thin bladed pocketknife for fine work and maybe a Swiss Army type knife or Multi-Tool with a variety of blades and gadgets as well.  Some Multi-Tools even have an LED flashlight included.  Some “survival knives” come with a match compartment in the handle and a compass in the butt.  These are good for backup caches or extra knives, but most are weakened by the hollow handle and may break in heavy survival use.  The exception will be covered later in this article. You may want to consider one of the military bayonet/knives that work with the sheath to cut wire.  Going cross-country in most areas will mean crossing a lot of wire.  The M9 and M10 and the AK47 bayonets have wire cutters. Small sharpening stones are often included in a pouch right on the sheath.  This is a highly recommended feature.  The knife is not where you want to go cheap!  A blade that goes dull or brakes when you need it most is no bargain but there are over-priced knives where you are paying for style or a name.  We are not talking about knife collecting or knife show knives here.  We are talking about reliable use and abuse blades. Ultimately you have to select your knife set based on as much quality\ as you can afford.  Survival and self/reliance knives can be classified as pocketknives, pouch knives, sheath knives and combat knives.  The following are some recommended selections from several knife experts.


Pocketknives are single or several bladed knives that fit into ones pockets comfortably and unobtrusively.  In the past almost everyone carried a pocketknife or “pen knife” to sharpen quill pens, clean pipes and perform other daily tasks.  For our purposes a pocketknife is a single or double-bladed knife of no more than 3-inch blade length.  You want this knife to be thin and light so you will carry it comfortably at all times, but also strong and sharp.  Some good choices are the Spyderco ™ Native folder at about $78.00, the Kershaw ™ Combo Edge folder and the Gerber ™ Mini Covert folder at $36.00.  The Smith and Wesson ™ S.W.A.T. frame lock folder and Black Ops folder priced in the $25.00 to $35.00 range are good values as well.  If you want more than one blade, the Swiss Army ™ Soldier knife (the first Swiss Army knife) with a blade, can opener, bottle opener, two screwdrivers and an awl point fits in the pocket for about $25.00. 



Pouch knives are those that are carried in a belt pouch or may be kept in other places, but are too large for comfortable pocket carrying. This includes large folders, Swiss Army Knives and Multi Tools.  If your normal apparel is work cloths or blue jeans you may be able to wear a belt pouch without attracting any negative attention.  This provides the opportunity to carry larger and more versatile knives.  Things get more complicated here because you have to choose between one big strong blade with limited uses or several smaller blades and tools with multi-use capabilities.  In the Multi-Tool category there is the Leatherman ™ New Wave tool with over a dozen functions at $75.00, the Gerber ™ Diesel multi-tool at $53.00 and scores of other models to meet your requirements.  Some even include LED flashlights, fire starters, whistles and magnifying glasses.  The drawback to the Multi Tool concept is that the primary tool is usually a pliers rather than a knife blade and getting to the knife blade is a bit slow and troublesome. Once deployed the knife blade of a multi-tool is rather clumsy to use compared to a folder. You may still want or need to carry a pocketknife along with the multi tool. The Swiss Army knife is a knife first and a tool second and the traditional Swiss Army ™ knife also offers a great variety of choices.  The ones with 6 to 8 blades and devices are more compact and easier to use than the puzzle-like multi-tools. The Swiss Army ™ Ranger with its 20 tools is a good choice for about $40.00 or you can go all out for the huge (and clumsy) Champ selling for close to $80.00. Some have 20-30 devices, but are bulky and awkward.  Avoid cheap imitations.  Stick with brand names and be sure of a good strong pouch that will not tear or come off your belt..  Large folders with blades of about 4-inches offer the blade of a sheath knife in a more compact form but they cannot be a strong for some applications.  Consider the KA-BAR ™ Mule folder at about $48.00 or one of the popular Buck ™ large folding knives.



Sheath knives are larger sheath carried blades ranging from the short bladed USAF Survival Knife (5”) and U.S. Marine KA-BAR (6”) to machete lengths of 12”.  The actual military surplus USAF Survival Knife and U.S. Marine KA-BAR are good values at about $40.00, but KA-BAR ™ brand makes a variety of KA-BAR variations selling in the $50-$60 range.  Smith & Wesson ™ offers the KAB-BAR like “Search and Rescue” sheath knife with an excellent sheath and sharpening stone for under $30.00.If you do elect to go with a hollow handles, Rambo style “survival knife” you will need to spend some real money to get strength and reliability.   Chris Reeve ™ makes hollow handles “survival Knives” from a single bar of A2 tool steel with a handle cavity sealed with an “O” ring to keep matches and other items dry.  These knives sell in the $200 to $400 range.  For value and quality there are several good choices among military bayonets.  The M-9 and M-10 are good choices.

    Knives of over 14-inches over-all length become impractical for most folk to carry on a belt ankle of harness sheath.  If you anticipate some serious chopping and hacking you may want to consider carrying a heavy bladed knife in or across the back of your pack.  Consider the Ontario ™  RTAK-II Bush knife with its 10” blade and 17-inch over-all length for about $90.00 ™  or even a military surplus Machete on the market for as little as $20.00



Combat knives are those specially designed for fighting.  They are not usually ideal for other survival uses.  These range from small concealable 3” blades and throwing knives through boot knives and commando knives.  While knife fights are possible they are not probable so put survival knives ahead of combat knives in your priorities. In certain situations and urban environments a well-hidden combat knife could be just what you need. You may want to add something like the OSS Spike dagger that is carried on the wrist or the Special Ops ™ 5-inch blade boot knife selling for about $24.00.  There are variations of the famous Applegate-Fairbairn ™ World War Two style combat knives selling for from $50.00 to $100.00


   This article would not be complete without a few tips on the care and sharpening of your knives.  Leaving knives out is an invitation to trouble. They can be lost, stolen, damaged, picked up by children or even used against you. Keep them in their sheath or pouch and in a safe location when not in use.  Clean and lightly oil multi blade knives so they open freely when you need them.  Knives are not intended for prying or hammering. Keep your knives sharp and clean.  Sharpening techniques would take more room than we have in this article, but  there are some devices that are recommended. Cabala’s offers a wide variety of electric and hand sharpeners ranging in price from $20.00 to $400.00.  You can get a good diamond stone for $30 to $60. and these come with instructions.  The Gatco ™ Edgmaster sharpening system will do a good job for $40.00.  The Edgemaker ™ device is handy for fast restoration of a blade.


    Your choice of a knife system will depend on your anticipated every-day uses and your worst-case emergency needs.  No one knife will be the best for every situation. You should have at least one high quality pocketknife, pouch knife and sheath knife and carry all three if possible when in a potential survival threat  situation.  Carry more than one knife if possible.  Cheaper backup knives stashed in various locations (e.g. vehicle, office, pack, etc.) will be way better than nothing if you are unable to access your primary blade. In some cases what you want and what you can legally and practically carry will be a compromise, but always carry a knife.  We invite the reader’s input and comments on this subject.






As a Safety Manager for a chemical company and a Hazardous Material Technician for 30-years, I trained hazmat teams and managed some hazmat situations.  Military and industrial hazmat situations require extended exposure in "hot zones", but the civilians challenge is just to limit contamination and inhalation while getting out of the hot zone.  This article is intended for practical situations whith practical equipment.



Self-Reliance Overview


By James C. Jones EMT/CHCM


 There is no question that the next decades will be dangerous to our  lives and freedoms, but how we respond and adjust will determine the future of America.  What we do know to expand and support the movement will make the difference between a freer and more self-reliant society or a more centralized and oppressive one.


   While self-reliance is often treated as simply a form of advanced survival preparedness it is different in both psychology and execution.  Preparing and surviving imply that one is anticipating a passing threat to life or life, as we know it that must be survived in order to recover and rebuild as life was before the event. In this respect Prepping may be compared to a life raft that saves life, but hads no sail or destination.  While survival is certainly a laudable and necessary objective and preparedness is essential to getting through the multiplying threats of the Twenty-First Century it will not take us to a new and better place.  In fact mere survival leaves us alive among the ruins and with little control of where we land.  True practical self-reliance goes beyond survival in these ways:


  • It immediately changes how we live and provides economic and psychological advantages over the unprepared and dependent masses.


  • It is proactive rather than reactive.  Instead of hoping to get through coming challenges, you are challenging current and future threats.


  • It is positive and inspiring. While the public may be in denial about impending disasters and negative trends, they more readily embrace ideas that make them more independent, secure and prosperous.  


  • The focus is not just on staying alive.  Self-reliance is about being better, smarter, safer and going towards the future with confidence.


  • Fore those who want change, self-reliance offers a revolutionary opportunity to withdraw taxable income, avoids regulatory systems and counters centralized power in a positive and non-violent movement.


  True self-reliance then can be compared to a ship that not only keeps one afloat, but also takes one to a better place.  To that end, self-reliance advocates should have a firm concept of where that ship is going.  We also need to face the fact that those who have benefitted by centralized authority, dependence in the grid and massive taxation will act strongly to intimidate, discourage and misrepresent self-reliance practices and advocates.  Such resistance may well become violent at some times.  As the existing economic, political and support systems fail the conflict may take on aggressive dimensions. 

  All of this must take into account the underlying imperatives of surviving the assaults of nature (e.g. storms, floods, epidemics, climate change) and mankind (e.g. resource depletion, famine, war, etc) that will ravage the decades to come.  It is far better to put our ourselves and our posterity in the ship of self-reliance than just the life raft of preparedness.  Granting of course that the ship still needs to have those life rafts aboard.

  We must not regard self-reliance as simply a technical process for sustaining life needs into the future.  Our children deserve better than maintenance. They deserve to come out of the challenges of survival and change as smarter, freer and more human.  Self-reliance is not about going back. Self-reliance is about building a better future as the failed and wrong values decline and fall.


United As Individuals

   Humans are social by nature.  While survival skills and self-reliance capabilities may keep us alive alone for a while, but we are hardly human without family, friends and associations.   The struggles to survive, find water, build shelter, gather food and defender against others leaves no time for thinking, improving or advancing. So effective self-reliance is being independent while choosing to share and exchange with others.  Being basically self-reliant provides the foundation for voluntary participation in cooperative efforts and exchanges.  One may have special skills or excessive supplies in one area, but be short on others.  A small family or community may be vulnerable to looters or need help producing food.   The difference between collectivist and centralized society and self-reliance is that the power of choices starts at the bottom with the individual and family instead of with bureaucrats.  As we develop individual and family self-reliance capacity we should be creating regional and dispersed networks for both technological and political support.  If self-reliance is a ship and not just a life raft then we will need a fleet to get through the storms ahead. 

   The philosopher George Hegel (1770-1831) developed the theory of the dialectic.  He postulated that there is a flow of events and changes from one time to the next that is driven by multiple events and conditions.  Karl Marx wrongly used the dialectic theory to show history leading only to a communist society.  As we examine history leading from the times of the American Revolution through the Twentieth Century it is hard to avoid the evidence of a continual dialectic flow from one decade to the next.  The following three phases of change will not actually happen as distinct periods.  They will overlap and   occur concurrently in some ways.  All three of them are in progress now, but the later phases are less evident and yet to have their full effect.


Phases One


  • Economic instability
  • Loss of public confidence and support
  • Frequent local and regional disasters with less and less recovery
  • Degradation of big, centralized business, government and infrastructure
  • Rise of a minority preparedness and self-reliance culture
  • Rise in small self-reliance technologies


Phase Two


  • Disintegration of established economic systems and bureaucracies
  • Shortages of life critical materials (food, fuel, medicine) and services
  • Unrecoverable disasters (epidemics, storms, droughts, etc) that significantly reduce populations and render areas uninhabitable
  • Unrest and conflicts with society and between nations caused by shortages and limited resources.


  • Extremist leaders within government and outside of government will feed on public fear and desperation to accumulate power and wealth at the expense of the public
  • Desperate actions by governments to retain control and wealth may include confiscations, suspension of liberties and general oppression. The prepared and self-reliant may be branded as selfish and dangerous*. 
  • Hopefully, self-reliance business, organizations and concepts will begin to involve a significant portion of the public


* If self-reliance is still a small minority movement at this stage I will probably be extinguished.  Freedom and self-reliance will only survive if it has been advocated organized and taken root in the communities


Phase Three


  • Through evolution or revolution government will be reinvented as a more limited, decentralized and supportive entity 
  • The primary economic and political power will come from the counties and states driven by a highly independent people
  • Multifunction networks of families, communities and organizations will proved life critical materials and support to semi-self-reliant people. *


* Ultimately we will need to do many things cooperatively.  Full, long-term self-reliance requires almost 100% of an individuals and families time and energy. This leaves little for improvement learning and progress.  If a community floods they can all build multiple sandbag dikes around each house or they can work together to build one effective dike at the river.  If a gang attacks a community each family will by killed off one-by-one unless they all work together.


Declaring Independence Through Practical Self-Reliance

   The table below is a very brief outline of a family plan for replacement or backup systems for supplies and services currently provided by the failing centralized structures.  Don’t let the image of “dooms day prepper” “off the grid” capabilities discourage you from working towards reasonable and responsible self-reliance in all of the categories. 





NOW: Store at least 10-gallons per person, have bleach available.  Have a good quality filter system

FUTURE: Install rain barrels, cistern, advanced filters

ISSUES: Droughts, waterborne infections, legal issues



NOW: Start gardening, stock up on heirloom seeds, take up fishing and hunting

FUTURE: Enlarge garden, Aquaponics?,

ISSUES: Climate change, available area, security



NOW: Store at least 30-90 days supply

FUTURE: Canning, drying, smoking,

ISSUES: Supplies, storage space



NOW: Home preparedness and safety, Alternative shelter for evacuation

FUTURE: Develop home as base for meeting all life critical needs

ISSUES: Ownership, community compatibility,



NOW:  Maintain and improve while you can! Stop bad habits, exercise.

FUTURE:  Ability to avoid exposure to public is critical.  Clean water and adequate food must be maintained

ISSUES: Poor sanitation, government interference



NOW: Chemical toilets bleach. Stock up on TP.

FUTURE: Outhouses, lime, ash, bleach, composting toilets

ISSUES: Legal issues



NOW:  Learn first aid, stock supplies and medications

FUTURE: Develop capacity for advanced and extended medical care.  Learn alternative medicines. Network with medically skilled

ISSUES:  Medication acquisition and storage. Legal issues



NOW: Improve health habits, stock up on soap, Listerine, alcohol, bleach, toothpaste, etc.

FUTURE: learn to make soap, showers without water pressure

ISSUES: Water supply, drainage



NOW: Changes of cloths available. Stock up on soap and detergent.

FUTURE: Laundry tubs, wringers, scrub-boards, lines

ISSUES: Water supply, drainage



NOW: LP gas heaters, sleeping bags, tent in house

FUTURE: wood stoves, closed rooms,

ISSUES: Safety, fire, Carbon monoxide, fuel supplies



NOW: Alternatives to driving in an emergency, Evacuation packs, and bikes.

FUTURE: Bicycles, electric vehicles

ISSUES: range and weight limits, routs



NOW: Plenty, but stock up on socks, underwear, sewing supplies

FUTURE: manual sewing machines, knitting, repair.

ISSUES: skills, supplies, tools



NOW: Temporary health hazard.  Bleach, insect spray, burning.

FUTURE: fewer waists. Burn for fuel. Use for compost




NOW: Have camp stoves

FUTURE: Solar ovens, rocket stoves, outdoor cooking

ISSUES: Safety, fire, Carbon monoxide, fuel supplies



NOW: Batteries, generators

FUTURE: Supplemental and alternative solar and wind.  Need reduction

ISSUES: space for systems, safety, legal



NOW: Personal weapons and vigilance.  Stock up on ammunition, parts, etc

FUTURE: Increased need for more effective weapons.  Need for family or community 24/7 vigilance and defense

ISSUES: legal issues.



NOW: Fire extinguishers, smoke/CO detectors, and ability to evacuate and survive.

FUTURE:  Large volume water pumps.  Community cooperation, prevention

ISSUES: Increased risks, heat and embers from adjoining areas



NOW: Trade and barter when possible. Stock up on barter items.  Learn tradable skills.

FUTURE:  Value in hard items and skills replaces currency in many areas.

ISSUES: Legal and tax issues



NOW: In addition to packable survival tools, have tools to repaired home damages, rescue etc. 

FUTURE: Shop tools, garden tools, auto tools, nail, and screws fasteners all valuable. Replace power tools with hand tools, use solar power to recharge cordless drills etc.

ISSUES: Cost, storage space, skill in use




NOW: Carry N-95 masks, hand-cleaner, etc.  Avoid crowds

FUTURE: Get out of contaminated area ASAP.  Don protective wears and dust mask.  Remove contaminated clothing and decontaminate ASAP.   Treat symptoms, dehydration

ISSUES: Shelter, radiation sickness, epidemics,


  Preparedness is about surviving the future. Self-reliance is, or should be about conquering the future.  Preparedness is about reacting to events.  Self-reliance is about being events.  Both preparedness and self-reliance are necessary, but survival alone cannot be enough.  A smarter, freer more responsible and self-reliant people must be determined to own the future regardless of the dangers and challenges that lie ahead.